This month, the FAA published a Final Rule regarding airline transport pilot (ATP) certificates and training, titled Pilot Certification and Qualification Requirements for Air Carrier Operations. While the final rule itself is 58 pages long, this blog post breaks down the main components of the rule and to whom it applies.
As a disclaimer, this isn’t intended to replace the rule. We aren’t responsible for any misinterpretation. It is still your responsibility to read, understand and adhere to the rules, but we hope you will find this a helpful summary.
Ok, so let’s get rolling!
Who does this apply to?
This impacts the rules on ATP certification and training. Therefore, Part 121 operations are those primarily affected by this Final Rule.
What are some of the major parts of the Final Rule?
One of the major bits of this final rule revolves around what it takes to get ATP certification to be second-in-command (SIC) in a Part 121 operation. In the past, only the primary-in-command was required to hold a type rating but this Final Rule changes that. Now, all pilots must hold an ATP certificate and any type ratings that the aircraft requires.
Most of the requirements to get the certification regard experience and training. Now, ATP applicants have to go through at least 50 hours of training in the class of airplane that is being flown for the ATP certificate.
Applicants for ATP certification must complete a new FAA certification program called the ATP Certification Training Program. Only Part 141 Flight Schools, Part 142 Training Centers, Part 121 Air Carriers or Part 135 Air Carriers are eligible to develop and have an ATP certification training program. These training programs must be approved by the FAA and have 30 hours of classroom instruction and 10 hours of simulator training. At least six of the 10 hours in a simulator must be in a level C or higher simulator, emulating a multiengine turbine aircraft with a maximum take off weight of at least 40,000 pounds.
There is a new restricted privilege ATP certificate. This is only open to former military pilots with 750 hours of total flight time and graduates of a four-year aviation degree program with 1,000 hours of total flight time. Those in a two-year program can also qualify but need 1,250 hours of total flight time. This allows for them to serve as an SIC in a Part 121 operation.
When does this go into effect?
The ATP certification training program rule goes into effect in August of 2014 but everything else starts August 1 of this year! There is a bit of grace period for current pilots but you need to hustle to get this all straightened out!
That about covers the major changes in the Final Rule. This isn’t all of them and you will want to read it over yourself but this quick overview should cover the majority of what has been changed.